Ethiopia is a country endowed by multi ethnics and people speak different languages and have different cultures. Providing these people with fair education access and implementing “quality education for all” was planned slogan of education minister. So, to open broad education door for marginalized people and remote areas, whose majorities are illiterate due to the absence of education institutions, the Bule Hora University have been established there. In line with this strategy, Bule Hora University (BHU) was established to play its part in the national efforts of bringing quality and excellence in teaching-learning, research, community services, administrative functions/good governance, connecting the development of cultural and natural resources with technology and its applications.
The name of Bule Hora University derived from the name of Bule Hora town. The town has been given that name by its inhabitants for many meanings. The name is combination of two afan oromo words “Bulee” and “Horaa”.”Bulee” means, something aged, ancient, and stayed for a long time, name given for a person whose birth accomplished at down and for a blue color. “ Horaa” something multiply itself, increase in number, grows from time to time, and also name of salty water around there during the time. So, when these two words combined together as one single word, it gives us a meaning something grows from time to time.
The foundation stone was laid by H.E Dr. Adhanum Hailu, the then State Minister of Ministry of Education and H.E Mr Abadula Gamada, the then President of Oromiya Regional State, on 28 November 2008.The university was officially established by proclamation No213/2011 (213/2003 E.C) as one of the Ethiopian government higher education institutions (HEIs).
This university is located at a distance of 470 km south of Addis Ababa, Oromia Regional State, Borana Zone at Bule Hora Town. The zone is divided into two agro-ecological zones namely, semi-arid lowlands to the south and the more humid lands at higher altitudes to the north (Tache and Irwine, 2003). The mean annual rainfall across the zone varies between 500mm and 700 mm with an overall average of 648 mm. The area’s mean temperatures range from 25°C to 29°C during hotter season and 14°C to 18°C during colder season of the year(Luseno, et al., 1998).
Moreover, the area is known for mining activities (gold, silver, tantalum and so on), forest, cash-crops and animal resources. Therefore, establishment of BHU in the area would create a unique opportunity to produce, beside competent graduates, research-based data and information for decision makers, customers, and stakeholders to exploit these indigenous resources as well as develop and sustain this peculiar ecosystem. Since the construction of the BHU delayed beyond expected completion time, the university started functioning in the campus of Bule Hora College of Teacher Education with a total of 250 regular degree students in 2011/12 academic year; intending to transfer to its own campus site soon.
At the beginning of the history of the university, the University comprises five faculties (faculty of Natural and Computational Sciences, faculty of Agriculture, faculty of Engineering and Technology, faculty of Social Science and Humanities and faculty of Business and Economics) with six departments, namely Chemistry, Biology, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Geography and Environmental Studies, and Accounting and Finance. In addition, Continuing Education Program (CEP) has been started with Accounting and Finance, Business management and Civil Engineering departments.
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